How to crate train your puppy – All about crate training your dog.

How to crate train your puppy dog

When you get your adorable cute little puppy, all what you want to do is to carry him and cuddle him. You want to take him everywhere with you and never want to leave him alone. At one point, you must get your puppy to have its own space that the puppy can identify as its own safe spot. So, sooner the better that you introduce him to a crate.

The Crate training is an essential part of raising a well-behaved and comfortable puppy. A crate serves as a safe and secure space where your puppy can retreat to rest, relax, and feel at ease. Additionally, crate training aids in housebreaking, prevents destructive behaviours, and facilitates travel or vet visits.

In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the step-by-step process of crate training and provide helpful suggestions to ensure a positive and successful experience for both you and your puppy.

The Benefits of Crate Training

Before diving into the training process, let’s take a moment to understand the benefits of crate training for your puppy. First and foremost, a crate provides a safe and secure den-like space that mimics the natural instincts of dogs to seek shelter. This can help alleviate anxiety and provide a sense of comfort and security for your puppy.

Crate training is also invaluable when it comes to housebreaking and potty training. Dogs naturally have a strong instinct to keep their living space clean, and a properly sized crate can aid in teaching your puppy to hold their bladder and bowels until they are taken outside.

Preventing destructive behaviors is another advantage of crate training. Puppies, especially during their teething stage, may be prone to chewing on furniture, shoes, or other household items. By confining them to a crate when unsupervised, you can prevent these unwanted behaviours and protect your belongings.

Furthermore, crate training facilitates travel and vet visits. When your puppy is comfortable and familiar with their crate, it becomes a familiar and safe space even when outside of the home. Whether you are taking a road trip or visiting the veterinarian, having a crate-trained puppy ensures a smoother and less stressful experience for everyone involved.

Choosing the Right Crate

To set your puppy up for success, it’s important to choose the right crate. The crate should be spacious enough for the puppy to stand up, turn around, and lie down comfortably. However, it shouldn’t be too large, as that may encourage the puppy to use one area as a bathroom. Pick a crate with proper ventilation and durability and consider the material and style that best suits your needs.

Introducing the Crate Positively

Once you have selected the appropriate crate, it’s time to introduce it to your puppy in a positive manner. Start by creating a positive association with the crate. Place treats, toys, or bedding inside to encourage exploration and make the crate an inviting space. Allow the puppy to enter the crate voluntarily and reward them with praise and treats. Gradually increase the time spent in the crate, always making it a positive and rewarding experience.

Crate Training Step-by-Step

Crate training is a gradual process that requires patience and consistency. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you through the training process:

1. Introduce the puppy to the crate with the door open: Allow your puppy to freely explore the crate without closing the door. Make it a comfortable and inviting space by placing familiar items inside.

2. Encourage voluntary crate entry: Start using treats or toys to lure your puppy into the crate. Reward them with praise and treats when they enter the crate willingly. Repeat this process multiple times, gradually reducing the lure and relying more on verbal cues.

3. Close the door for short periods: Once your puppy is comfortable entering the crate, begin closing the door for short periods while they are inside. Stay nearby and provide reassurance through your presence and a soothing voice.

4. Gradually extend crate time: Slowly increase the duration that your puppy spends inside the crate with the door closed. Begin by just a few minutes and gradually work your way up to longer intervals. Use treats, toys, or a stuffed Kong to keep them occupied and make the experience positive.

Establishing a Routine and Rules

To ensure effective crate training, it’s important to establish a routine and set clear rules for crate time. Designate a consistent location for the crate, preferably in a quiet area of the house where your puppy can have some privacy. Set a regular schedule for crate time, including specific periods for napping and overnight sleep. Be consistent with these routines to help your puppy establish a sense of predictability and security.

While the crate should be a positive space, avoid using it for punishment. The crate should always be associated with positive experiences and comfort. Using it as a disciplinary tool may create negative associations and hinder the training process.

Troubleshooting Common Challenges

During the crate training process, you may encounter certain challenges. Here are some common issues and ways to address them:

1. Dealing with whining or barking in the crate: Whining or barking is a normal response from a puppy when they are first introduced to the crate or when they want attention. However, it’s important not to reward this behaviour by immediately letting them out. Instead, wait for a moment of silence or calmness before opening the crate. Gradually increase the time between their quiet moments to reinforce positive behaviour.

2. Addressing anxiety or fear associated with the crate: Some puppies may exhibit anxiety or fear when introduced to the crate. To help them overcome these feelings, make the crate a positive and gradual experience. Use treats, praise, and calming techniques like playing soft music or using a pheromone spray to create a relaxing environment.

3. Preventing crate-related accidents or chewing: Crate training is also a valuable tool in preventing accidents and unwanted chewing. However, accidents can happen, especially with young puppies. Make sure to remove any bedding or toys that can be soiled and clean the crate thoroughly to eliminate any lingering smells. Provide appropriate chew toys to redirect their chewing behaviours and prevent damage to the crate.

Gradual Transition to Unsupervised Crate Time

As your puppy becomes more comfortable and reliable in their crate, you can gradually transition to longer periods of unsupervised crate time. Start by leaving the puppy in the crate for short intervals while you are at home, gradually increasing the duration. Ensure their comfort by providing stimulating toys, like puzzle feeders or Kong toys filled with treats, to keep them occupied during longer periods. This transition helps prepare them for times when you need to leave the house without them.

Final Tips for Successful Crate Training

Here are some additional tips to ensure successful crate training:

1. Be patient and consistent: Crate training takes time and patience. Each puppy is unique, so progress may vary. Stay consistent with the training methods and routines you establish.

2. Gradually expand the puppy’s freedom outside the crate: As your puppy becomes more reliable and house-trained, you can gradually expand their freedom by allowing them to explore other areas of the house under supervision. Always ensure a safe and puppy-proofed environment.

3. Seek professional guidance if facing challenges: If you are facing significant challenges or if your puppy is exhibiting extreme anxiety or fear, it may be helpful to seek guidance from a professional dog trainer or behaviourists. They can provide personalized advice and assistance tailored to your specific situation.

Final Thoughts

Crate training is an essential aspect of raising a well-behaved and comfortable puppy. By providing a safe and secure space, crate training benefits both you and your furry friend. From aiding in housebreaking and preventing destructive behaviour’s to facilitating travel and vet visits, crate training sets a foundation for a harmonious life with your puppy.

By following the step-by-step process of crate training, gradually introducing the crate positively, and establishing routines and rules, you can successfully crate train your puppy. Remember to be patient, consistent, and always prioritize your puppy’s comfort and well-being.


1. How long does it take to crate train a puppy?

The duration of crate training a puppy can vary depending on the individual dog’s age, temperament, and previous experiences with confinement. Generally, crate training aims to provide a safe and comfortable space for the puppy, teaching them to associate the crate with positive experiences. Some puppies may take only a few days to adapt to the crate, while others might require several weeks of consistent training.

The key to successful crate training lies in patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement. Gradually increasing the time spent in the crate, using treats and praise to encourage them, and avoiding using the crate as a form of punishment are essential elements to make the process more efficient and stress-free for both the puppy and the owner. Remember, every puppy is unique, so being attentive to their needs and progress is crucial throughout the training journey.

2. Should I cover the crate with a blanket?

Covering the crate with a blanket can be beneficial for some dogs, as it creates a cozy and den-like environment that may help them feel more secure and relaxed. However, whether you should cover the crate or not depends on your individual dog’s preferences and behaviour.

3. What if my puppy doesn’t like the crate?

If your puppy doesn’t like the crate, it’s essential to approach crate training with patience and positive reinforcement. Crate training should be a gradual process, and forcing or rushing the puppy into the crate may worsen their aversion.

So, with a lot of patience, consistent, and understanding, and over time, many puppies come to view their crate as a comfortable and secure space.

4. Can I use a crate for an adult dog?

Yes, you can absolutely use a crate for an adult dog. Crate training is not limited to just puppies; it can be beneficial for adult dogs as well. Crates can serve as a safe and comfortable space for adult dogs, providing them with a sense of security and a place to retreat to when they need some quiet time or rest.


Hello there, Thanks for stopping by. This is Sham Uhl. I love dogs and currently own a beautiful golden doodle. I had the pleasure of owning few other dogs over the past several years. Though it was a very rewarding experience, I also had to deal with a lot of problems and issues with them. So, I became obsessed with finding the best ways to take care of my dogs by understanding their behaviours and learn everything possible I could about dogs. That process led me into this amazing journey.   I established this website to educate and share my knowledge with other dog owners. Whether you're a seasoned dog parent or embarking on this joyous adventure for the first time I truly hope that you will find some knowledge and answers to what you are searching for.   I am eagerly anticipate sharing more about our dog friends with you all as I find out and learn more about them. Wishing you and your beloved doggie a happy and a healthy journey together!

More to Explore